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ERIC Number: ED400047
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996-Jun
Pages: 15
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Infant and Toddler Resilience: Knowledge, Predictions, Policy, and Practice.
Gordon, Kimberly A.
Resilience is the ability to thrive, mature, and increase competence in the face of adverse circumstances. Recent research has uncovered personal and environmental characteristics that contribute to resilience during infancy and toddlerhood, as well as characteristics that predict resilience in later years. Resilient infants and toddlers are energetic, socially responsive, autonomous, demonstrative, tolerant of frustration, cooperative, and androgynous, among other characteristics. Their environment includes a strong caregiver-child bond, nurturance, responsiveness, and ample exploration time. Two longitudinal statistical studies, one on the prediction of future resilience from infant and toddler characteristcs, and the other on the prediction of adulthood resilience from earlier life phases, indicate that an internal locus of control and strong social skills during infancy relate to later resiliency, as do social support of the mother, and caregiver characteristics such as education level, self confidence, and coping style. These findings are important for policy makers and caregivers alike. Suggestions for policies and practices that encourage resilience development include providing social support for the family (such as on-site day care, flexible leave-time, and volunteer efforts), fostering an internal locus of control and sense of autonomy, modeling androgyny, and improving caregiver education. (Contains 12 references.) (MOK)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A