ERIC Number: ED400046
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996
Reference Count: N/A
Societal and Legal Issues Surrounding Children Born in the United States to Illegal Alien Parents. Joint Hearing on H.R. 705, H.R. 363, H.J. Res. 56, H.J. Res 64, H.J. Res. 87, H.J. Res 88, and H.J. Res. 93 before the Subcommittee on Immigration and Claims and the Subcommittee on the Constitution of the Committee on the Judiciary. House of Representatives, One Hundred Fourth Congress, First Session (December 13, 1995).
Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on the Judiciary.
This hearing transcript presents testimony on several House resolutions regarding immigration and citizenship. Two bills propose amending the Immigration and Nationality Act to limit birthright citizenship to persons with citizen or legal resident mothers (HR 705) or to deny such citizenship to children of parents who are not citizens or permanent resident aliens (HR 363). Five joint resolutions propose to amend the Constitution to restrict birthright citizenship to persons with legal resident mothers or fathers (HJ Res 56 and 87); citizen or legal resident mothers (HJ Res 64); a citizen parent at the birth (HJ Res 88); or a citizen parent, lawfully in the United States, or with a lawful immigration status at the birth (HJ Res 93). Witnesses included: (1) several Representatives from the state of California; (2) Representatives from the states of Florida, Hawaii, and Illinois; (3) A former reporter from the "El Paso Times"; (4) university law professors; (5) Barbara Jordan, chair of the U.S. Commission on Immigration Reform; (6) Assistant U.S. Attorney General Walter Dellinger; and (7) a deputy director, Income Maintenance Bureau, San Diego County Department of Social Services. Witnesses testified that smugglers bring pregnant women into the country to give birth so their children are citizens; educational and social welfare benefits for children of illegal aliens were cited as causes. Others argued that because the 14th Amendment grant of birthright citizenship was not meant to apply to children of illegal aliens, a federal statute could end birthright citizenship; others argued that a Constitutional amendment is required to modify birthright citizenship. Appendices contain additional statements, letters, or materials submitted by witnesses. (KDFB)
Descriptors: Children, Citizenship, Federal Legislation, Hearings, Immigrants, Migrant Children, Undocumented Immigrants
U.S. Government Printing Office, Superintendent of Documents, Congressional Sales Office, Washington, DC 20402.
Publication Type: Legal/Legislative/Regulatory Materials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on the Judiciary.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Fourteenth Amendment; Immigration and Nationality Act 1965; United States Constitution