ERIC Number: ED400003
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Community Colleges and Proprietary Schools. ERIC Digest.
There are clear advantages as well as disadvantages in encouraging greater mission convergence between community colleges and proprietary schools, such as for-profit vocational schools and career colleges. Proprietary schools have long attracted controversy related to their financial aid and fundraising practices, while at the same time fulfilling a clear community need by providing vocational programs promising quick preparation and transition to work. Similarities do exist between community colleges and proprietary schools, including curricula that emphasize post-graduate employment preparation and general education for traditional degrees and the diversity of their student populations. Strong differences are found, however, in governance and the distinction of public versus private status. Moreover, questions remain regarding differences in accreditation standards and the acceptance of proprietary school credits by other postsecondary institutions. When discussing the convergence of the two institutions, a distinction must be made between "organic" approaches (i.e., a result of the natural evolution of the institutions) and "forced" approaches (i.e., influenced by outside forces, such as the federal government through financial aid awards). The market-driven orientation of proprietary schools and the more diverse goals of community colleges present a formidable barrier to organic convergence, while low graduation and transfer rates of community colleges, a shifting focus in the community college curriculum, and increased public funding for students at proprietary schools indicate a movement towards a forced convergence. (TGI)
Descriptors: College Curriculum, College Role, Community Colleges, Educational Finance, Educational Trends, Institutional Mission, Organizational Objectives, Private Education, Proprietary Schools, Student Costs, Student Financial Aid, Two Year Colleges
ERIC Clearinghouse for Community Colleges, University of California at Los Angeles, 3051 Moore Hall, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1521.
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; ERIC Digests in Full Text
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse for Community Colleges, Los Angeles, CA.