ERIC Number: ED399754
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1996-Jun
Deafness and Hearing Loss.
National Information Center for Children and Youth with Disabilities, Washington, DC.; Academy for Educational Development, Washington, DC.
This brief overview provides information on the definition, incidence, and characteristics of children with hearing impairments and deafness. The federal definitions of hearing impairment and deafness are provided. The different types of hearing loss are noted, including: (1) conductive (caused by diseases or obstructions in the outer or middle ear); (2) sensorineural (caused by damage to the delicate sensory hair cells of the inner ear or the nerves); (3) mixed (caused by a combination of conductive and sensorineural loss); and (4) central (caused by damage or impairment to the nerves or nuclei of the central nervous system). The fact sheet explains the educational implications of a child with a hearing impairment and describes possible special education services that the child may require, including: an amplification system; an interpreter; speech, language, and auditory training; favorable seating to facilitate speechreading; captioned films; assistance of a notetaker; instruction for the class on alternate communication methods; and counseling. The fact sheet also describes the use of alternate forms of communication by children with hearing loss. A resource list of written materials and organizations is included. (CR)
Descriptors: Children, Deafness, Definitions, Educational Strategies, Elementary Secondary Education, Etiology, Hearing Impairments, Incidence, Intervention, Resources, Student Characteristics
National Information Center for Children and Youth with Disabilities, P.O. Box 1492, Washington, DC 20013-1492; toll-free telephone: 800-695-0285.
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Special Education Programs (ED/OSERS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Information Center for Children and Youth with Disabilities, Washington, DC.; Academy for Educational Development, Washington, DC.