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ERIC Number: ED399661
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996
Reference Count: N/A
Literature Review on Year-Round Schooling (With an Annotated Bibliography).
Shields, Carolyn M.; LaRocque, Linda J.
This paper reviews research literature on year-round schools (YRS) for the British Columbia Ministry of Education. The literature review is organized around the goals of the British Columbia Ministry of Education: (1) impact on student in terms of academic achievement, attitudes, and behavior; (2) costs and benefits; (3) facility use; (4) impact on educational personnel; (5) impact on parents and communities; and (6) the role of policy agencies and governing bodies. The review shows compelling evidence that YRS benefits at-risk students. Although there are dissenting findings and viewpoints, the review found that where implementation of YRS was carefully planned, involved appropriate consultative processes, and was monitored and evaluated over a period of time, levels of satisfaction were high on the part of all stakeholder groups. The review found no negative effects on student achievement and frequent positive impact in terms of student attitudes and behavior. Educators--both district- and school-based, both administrators and teachers--generally favored YRS once they experienced it. Parents and community organizations across all schools levels and in both single- and multi-track schools were highly supportive of YRS. Multi-track schools, despite the substantial amount of time and effort involved in organization, have greater potential than single-track schools to relieve overcrowding, save money at the school district level, reduce teacher absenteeism, and improve student retention and motivation. In conclusion, the risk incurred by a district planning to pilot year-round schooling would be minimal. A list of abbreviations and an annotated bibliography of research on YRS that distinguishes the quality of the research are included. (Contains 72 references.) (LMI)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reference Materials - Bibliographies
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada