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ERIC Number: ED399558
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996-Aug
Pages: 19
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Race as a Factor in Student Participation in High School Journalism.
Callahan, Christopher
A study examined whether minority participation in high school journalism is lower than participation by White students. Past research has found that participation on high school newspapers is often the catalyst that leads to journalism careers. The study used a telephone questionnaire as the survey instrument. Maryland high schools (160) were selected to provide data for the Maryland Scholastic Press Association, since the state roughly reflects the racial breakdown of the nation (29.4% minority population), with a diverse demographic mix. Of the 137 schools which had newspapers, the adviser was then contacted and interviewed, with a response rate of 76.6%. Results indicated that 85.6% of all 160 non-vocational, non-special needs Maryland public schools published newspapers, including 110 (91.7%) of the 120 White plurality schools as opposed to 27 (67.5%) of the 40 Black plurality schools. Results also indicated that the mean number of pages was 84.8 at the former and 70.2 at the latter. Newspaper leadership in schools with a 69.7% White population was held 80% by White students and, conversely, Blacks made up 22.3% of the student population, but only held 14.2% of the top newspaper positions. Findings revealed that only 3.8% of advisers surveyed were minorities and only 8.6% majored in journalism, with 60% never having taken a journalism course. Findings also revealed that 45% of all American daily newspapers do not have minorities on their staffs. (Contains 2 tables of data and 27 references.) (CR)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Maryland