ERIC Number: ED399490
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1996-Mar-14
Culturally Diverse Beliefs Concerning Dying, Death, and Bereavement: A School Psychologist's Intervention Challenge.
Tramonte, Michael R.
School psychologists need to employ a multicultural perspective in the areas of death, dying, and bereavement. To develop multicultural sensitivity and competency requires setting aside one's personal beliefs in an attempt to adopt another's perspective. Consequently, school psychologists first need to explore their own attitudes about death and grief as well as the basic assumptions that prevail in their local culture and subculture. Ross' (1994) eight factors to consider in providing services to multicultural students, parents, and communities are discussed. They are: (1) communication; (2) values; (3) concept of the family; (4) religious beliefs; (5) attitudes toward the body; (6) attitudes toward death; (7) bereavement, grief, and mourning practices; and (8) funereal practices. In reviewing dying, death, and bereavement practices throughout many cultures, some commonalties can be found. The community provides group support, while funeral rites provide a sense of closure. Professionalism of "death and dying" is found more in urban rather than rural areas. Fatalism regarding life and death can be found among the poor, and immortality beliefs among the oppressed. Children in rural areas directly observe and participate in death and grief rituals while urban children are more sheltered. Appendices are: (1) Death Awareness Questionnaire; (2) Grief Awareness Questionnaire; and (3) Multicultural Awareness Questionnaire. Contains 33 references. (JBJ)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Information Analyses; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the National Association of School Psychologists (28th, Atlanta, GA, March 14, 1996).