ERIC Number: ED399485
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1995
Reference Count: N/A
Career Counseling with Native Clients: Understanding the Context: ERIC Digest.
Peavy, R. Vance
The contextual considerations outlined in this digest provide a framework for career counseling with Canadian Native youth, a process which requires an unusually large range of cultural understanding and an appreciation of diversity and uniqueness. Counselors need to be aware of individual diversity within Native groups. Four Native "cultural-self" definitions presented are: (1) traditional; (2) assimilated; (3) transitional; and (4) bi-cultural, each of which have profound implications for the career counseling process. Ways in which dominant society schools impede the career development of Native youths are discussed, as well as reasons why training in multicultural counseling is inappropriate for those working with Native youth. Research suggests at least five ways in which career work with Native youth can reduce racism and dominant society suppression of Native identity and give Native youth a greater voice in the formulation of career conceptions which are sensible to them: (1) support for educating Natives as career counselors; (2) ensure that Native youth can access credible counselors; (3) restructure counselor education programs to include Native culture; (4) develop counseling programs tailored to the needs of Native youth; and (5) revise the basic process of career counseling for Native needs. (RB)
Descriptors: Canada Natives, Career Counseling, Career Development, Counseling Effectiveness, Counseling Techniques, Counselor Client Relationship, Cultural Awareness, Cultural Context, Cultural Pluralism, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Indigenous Populations, Interpersonal Communication, Racial Bias, School Counselors, Self Concept, Youth
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; ERIC Digests in Full Text
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Counseling and Student Services, Greensboro, NC.; Canadian Guidance and Counselling Foundation, Ottawa (Ontario).
Identifiers - Location: Canada