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ERIC Number: ED399340
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996-Apr-10
Pages: 40
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Gender's Contribution to the Rise and Fall of the Progressive Education Association, 1919-1955.
Nusser, Janie L.
The Progressive Education Association (PEA) was a vibrant, influential organization that survived for over three decades (1919 to 1955). Since women comprised a significant majority of the nation's teachers during that time, but were also situated within staunch socially constructed gender roles, the question is raised how women and women's issues contributed to the life cycle of the Association. It was expected that findings would show that women's contributions were significant but relatively invisible, that women's issues were situated within predominant social ideologies and discourse, and that gender contributed to the demise of the organization. Data from primary and secondary sources provided evidence to support these hypotheses and to demonstrate that women's issues were centerpieces in the rise and fall of the PEA. Histories of the PEA have substantiated the claim that professionalization contributed to the Association's demise. The credentialling process established an educational hierarchy in which elementary school teachers, who were mostly women, were the lowest rank. As the PEA became more professor-dominated, it excluded women. As it became more theory-focused, it also excluded women, and as it became more interested in science-as-research, it further excluded women. (Contains 7 tables and 15 references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A