ERIC Number: ED399181
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1996-May
Cells Are Similar to Factories: Analogies in Science.
Pittman, Kim M.
Science educators face the challenge of a massive reform movement which calls for a re-examination and revitalization of science curriculum and pedagogy. The purpose of this research was to illuminate the phenomenon of analogy use in science classrooms by exploring the process and influence of analogies. Qualitative and quantitative techniques were used to study the use and effectiveness of teacher-generated analogies, student-generated analogies, and traditional instruction. Participants in the study were 269 8th-grade students enrolled in a public school district in a northern suburb of Chicago. Analysis of the data indicate that instruction with analogies was more effective than traditional methods of instruction. The success of the analogies was found to depend on the student's prior knowledge, the type of analogy used, and the goal of the analogy. Contains 155 references. (Author/JRH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Doctoral Dissertation, National-Louis University.