ERIC Number: ED399122
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1995-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
American Indian Disability Legislation Project: Findings of a National Survey of Tribal Governments.
Montana Univ. Affiliated Rural Inst., Missoula.
Few studies have reported whether disability laws and regulations such as the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) have been implemented among American Indian tribes or whether tribes even view these laws as potentially valuable or culturally relevant. The American Indian Disability Legislation Project aims to develop methods of adopting disability legislation among tribes that are consistent with ADA principles and respect tribal sovereignty and cultural diversity. The first phase of the project involved a national survey of American Indian tribes that examined issues related to disability legislation. Of 685 surveys sent to identified tribes, 143 were returned. The first section of the report discusses results from the 112 surveys returned from tribes in the lower 48 states. A separate analysis was completed for Alaska Native villages and is included in an appendix. The total enrollment of responding tribes from the lower 48 states was 628,759, including an estimated 41,237 tribal members with a disability that substantially limits one or more major life activities. Only 6 percent of respondents indicated that their tribal governments were familiar with major disability legislation. Diabetes, emotional problems, and slow-to-learn were the major disabilities reported among tribal groups. Respondents indicated low satisfaction among disabled tribal members with regard to respect, opportunity, and access to disability-related services. Respondents also reported that only 67 percent of public buildings on reservations were accessible to the disabled; that disability-related tribal services were more accessible than outside services; and that only 13 percent of tribes had a line item in their budget for disability issues. Appendices include data from the Alaska survey, resolutions passed by the National Congress of American Indians in support of the project, and a glossary. Includes many data tables and maps. (LP)
Descriptors: Accessibility (for Disabled), Alaska Natives, American Indian Education, American Indian Reservations, Disabilities, Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Indian Relationship, Federal Legislation, National Surveys, Reservation American Indians, Special Education, Tribal Government, Tribal Sovereignty, Tribes
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (ED/OSERS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Montana Univ. Affiliated Rural Inst., Missoula.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Americans with Disabilities Act 1990