ERIC Number: ED399119
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992
Reference Count: N/A
Rural and Urban Employment Patterns: Self-Employment As a Metaphor for Rural Vocational Rehabilitation.
This report examines the use of self-employment as a vocational rehabilitation option in rural areas. Self-employment is one of the fastest growing employment opportunities, as evidenced by the approximately 15.6 million people who reported being self-employed in 1990. Data from the 1980s comparing employment patterns in rural and urban areas indicate that participation in the labor force was lower in the rural nonfarm population than in either farm or urban populations; service-related jobs accounted for over half of all rural employment; rates of self-employment were significantly higher in rural than in urban areas; a greater proportion of people who reported a work disability lived in nonmetropolitan areas; people with disabilities were more likely to be unemployed; and disabled workers generally earned less than their counterparts with no disability. Self-employment is a legitimate vocational rehabilitation closure. Yet, of the 214,229 closures reported nationwide in 1988, only 4,871 of them were to self-employment. An examination of the closure rate of self-employment for each state indicates that this practice was significantly more likely in rural than in urban states. However, the variability across states is wide as some rural states have relatively low rates of self-employment closures. This report concludes that self-employment provides an option for people living in rural areas, particularly for people with a work disability. Contains nine data tables. (LP)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (ED/OSERS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Montana Univ. Affiliated Rural Inst., Missoula.