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ERIC Number: ED399068
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996
Pages: 36
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Paternal Involvement in Childrearing and the School Performance of Ojibwa Children: An Exploratory Study.
Williams, Edith; And Others
Seventeen Ojibwa families were examined to identify: (1) the relationship between quantity and quality of father involvement in childrearing and children's academic and social school performance; and (2) antecedents to father's participation. The sample from Bay Mills Reservation in Michigan, was comprised of families containing 2 adults and a child age 3 to 11. Data collection included parent interviews containing one question about the quantity of time the father was primary caregiver, chosen because of its high correlation to overall scores on Radin's Paternal Involvement in Child Care Index. A shortened Parent Perception Inventory was used to assess quality of care, or nurturance. Children's academic functioning was measured with grades and teacher evaluations. Teachers also completed a Child Behavior Check List to identify overall social adjustment and rated social competence on adaptive traits believed important in most Native American populations. Results showed that a greater amount of time spent by fathers as primary caregivers was associated with higher academic achievement and better adaptive functioning, especially for boys. However, paternal nurturance was associated with poorer academic functioning for the total sample and for boys, and with poorer social performance as indicated on the Native American Adaptive Functioning Index. This discrepancy may be due to fathers' responding to unhappy children, or to Native American nurturance as similar to Baumrind's permissive parenting, which does not encourage success in Anglo schools. Antecedents associated with more paternal involvement included greater participation by the father's father in his upbringing. (Contains 39 references.) (KDFB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Michigan