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ERIC Number: ED399039
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1995-Dec-2
Pages: 17
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
The Changing Role of Fathers in Co-op Nursery Schools.
Hewes, Dorothy W.
Fathers' roles in cooperative nursery schools have changed considerably since the 1920s. In the 1920s, American families had a strict father-mother role differentiation. These stereotyped sex roles broke down somewhat in the 1930s and 1940s due to the Depression and World War II, but they returned in the 1950s. A more egalitarian approach to parenthood was evident by the 1970s, and these changes have continued. Parent cooperative preschools have both reflected societal views toward parenthood and contributed to those changes. In the 1920s and 1930s, fathers contributed mostly construction and repair work. References to fathers' regular classroom participation do not appear in preschool materials and doctoral dissertations until the 1960s; rather, fathers were viewed as valuable supplements to the school's real functioning. The 1957 meeting of the National Association for Nursery Education was a turning point when its keynote speaker urged that parent meetings be planned for times when fathers could attend. Regular father classroom participation has increased since the 1960s and is reflected in cooperative preschool materials, oral history interviews, and books on father-child relations. Although current research and preschool materials suggest that fathers participate regularly, fathers' roles in the preschool environment have received scant attention due to subtle resentment and ostracism by female teachers and mothers. Cooperative preschools have contributed to changes in fathers' roles since the 1920s by giving men a socially approved fathering role and helping them develop networks of like-minded men who are typically middle-class professionals and trendsetters in their communities. (KDFB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A