ERIC Number: ED398858
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996
Reference Count: N/A
Involving Students through Building Community: Challenges for Women in Engineering Programs.
Vest, Jennifer L.; And Others
This review of the literature examines barriers to building community and fostering involvement among female undergraduate and graduate students in engineering. It also explores a comprehensive set of strategic initiatives that can be taken by women in engineering advocates to build a sense of community and mutual support among students. Barriers confronting women in this regard included their assumption of multiple roles, as learners, mothers, daughters, partners, and professionals; the experience of role conflict between these roles and conflicting demands; the lack of available resources, such as time and finances; the "chilly climate" of the engineering discipline; and the devaluation of women's relational orientation prevalent in the engineering classroom. The strategic goals of women in engineering to dismantle these barriers are discussed in the context of the SPAR (Services, Programs, Advocacy, and Research) Model for program implementation. A number of theoretical models of student development, involvement, and retention are also briefly discussed as appropriate for designing and implementing programs and initiatives that are responsive to women's needs. (Contains 15 references.) (CK)
Descriptors: Change Strategies, College Students, Economic Factors, Educational Environment, Educational Objectives, Engineering Education, Females, Graduate Students, Higher Education, Models, Program Development, Resource Allocation, Role Conflict, Sex Bias, Sex Role, Social Reinforcement, Stress Management, Student Development, Time Perspective, Womens Education
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Counselors; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: Maryland Univ., College Park. Counseling Center.
Identifiers - Location: Maryland