ERIC Number: ED398794
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1996-Jun
Guidelines for Affirmative Action Programs. Promoting Equal Opportunity in Higher Education [and] Authors' Addendum.
Reklaitis, Robert F.; And Others
This paper reviews critical court cases regarding affirmative action and offers guidelines to institutions of higher education evaluating and developing their affirmative action programs in the context of continuing changes in this aspect of law. It discusses the following aspects of affirmative action: what affirmative action is and the need for affirmative action plans, the legal foundation for affirmative action, and the recent legal history surrounding this issue. The paper emphasizes that institutions should: (1) ensure that their affirmative action plan has a clear purpose; (2) narrowly tailor the plan to achieve that purpose; (3) periodically audit or assess the plan; and (4) make allowances for special considerations. A checklist for institutions evaluating or developing affirmative action plans is offered. A matrix chart compares six major legislative and executive statutes and authorities concerning race and gender discrimination. Major cases discussed in the paper include: Hopwood v. Texas (1996), Adarand Constructors v. Pena (1995), and Regents of the University of California v. Bakke (1978). The appendix provides summaries of these and other significant affirmative action cases from 1978 to 1996. (CK)
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Administrators; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: United Educators Insurance Risk Retention Group, Inc., Chevy Chase, MD.