ERIC Number: ED398748
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994
Crosslinguistic Influences on the Acquisition of Discourse Level Constraints on the Comprehension and Use of Adversative Conjunctions.
Two studies investigated whether two conventions in the use of adversative conjunctions in English are acquired by native Spanish-speakers who are highly proficient in English. The two conventions are: (1) selection of "but" to introduce foreground information and (2) use of "although" to introduce background information. Subjects in the first study, conducted in Spanish, were 37 monolingual Spanish-speaking graduate students. Subjects in the second study were 42 native Spanish-speaking graduate students in the United States, all highly proficient in English. In each study, subjects completed two tasks. In the first, they were required to choose either "pero/"but" or "anque/although" to unite two propositions in a sentence. In the second, they read a sentence containing two propositions connected by one of these conjunctions and chose a continuation sentence that elaborated on one of the propositions. Results showed that there is a discourse rule of focus for the use of "pero and anque" in Spanish that parallels the English rule. However, as in English, this rule is not followed by all well-educated native Spanish-speakers. It was those Spanish speakers who follow the rule in Spanish that also follow it in English. Contains 21 references. (MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: In: Pragmatics and Language Learning. Monograph Series, Volume 5, p191-207, 1994; see FL 014 038.