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ERIC Number: ED398625
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996-Jan
Pages: 24
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
School Effectiveness and Restructuring Schools: What Does the Research Tell Us?
Townsend, Tony
In some countries there has been a general trend toward centralizing control in areas such as the development and measurement of school goals while also increasing responsibility at the school level for financial and staffing decisions and for structuring learning activities to achieve those goals. The British and New Zealand educational reforms of the late 1980s are a case in point. While a national curriculum and evaluation system was being introduced, control of staffing and school budgets was being devolved to the school. A similar trend toward a national curriculum and statewide testing is evident in Victoria, Australia, particularly in the Schools of the Future. This paper examines data from school-effectiveness studies over the last decade and a half to answer the following questions about decentralization: whether or not there should be further decentralization of decision making; what arrangements should be made to ensure effectiveness; and how such decentralization should be funded. The research is inconclusive about whether the self-managing school will improve student outcomes. Certainly the case could be made that if student outcomes remain the same, but are achieved at considerably less cost to the public, then the move toward decentralization has been worthwhile. However, initial findings suggest that the decrease in funding has entailed a human cost in the form of increased workloads for principals, teachers, and parents. (Contains 69 references.) (LMI)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia