ERIC Number: ED398622
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1995
Reference Count: N/A
The Japanese Secondary School: A Closer Look.
George, Paul S.; George, Evan
Most American visitors to Japanese senior high schools have observed only the very best public academic schools in the nation. Two-thirds of Japanese students attend other schools. This book presents findings of a case study that focused on the 12th-grade experience in a Japanese public general high school. The data were supplemented by visits to a dozen other secondary schools. The book discusses some important points of Japanese secondary education: (1) which is more important, group citizenship or examination passage, and (2) which is stressed more in Japanese high schools, student individualism or common fundamental academic ability? Following the introduction, chapter 2 describes the varieties of Japanese high schools and chapter 3 provides an overview of the 12th-grade curriculum and schedule. Instructional strategies are outlined in the fourth chapter. The fifth chapter explains the goals of Japanese secondary schools: inculcating group citizenship and passing a university-entrance examination. The characteristics and perspectives of Japanese students are compared to those of their American counterparts in chapter 6. The seventh chapter concludes that Japanese education will not provide American educators with solutions to the problems found in U.S. schools. The study found that the educational experiences of Japanese secondary school students in the public academic secondary schools seemed totally shaped by an all-important educational quartet: the development of group citizenship; a national curriculum; memorization-oriented instructional strategies; and the all-consuming importance of the university-entrance examination. A Japanese secondary school teacher and a university professor respond to the book in the final chapter. Two figures are included. (Contains 10 references.) (LMI)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Citizenship, College Entrance Examinations, Educational Environment, Educational Objectives, Foreign Countries, High Schools, National Curriculum, Public Schools, School Organization, Secondary Education, Student Attitudes, Student Characteristics
National Middle School Association, 4151 Executive Parkway, Suite 300, Westerville, OH 43231; phone: 800-528-6672.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Middle School Association, Columbus, OH.; National Association of Secondary School Principals, Reston, VA.
Identifiers - Location: Japan