ERIC Number: ED398613
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994-Apr
Prisons as Organizational Cultures: A Literature Review of a Vastly Unexplored Organizational Communication Setting.
Bedore, Joan M.
This literature review examines prisons as organizations and prisons as cultures, for as J. M. Shafritz and J. S. Ott (1992) point out, "a strong organizational culture literally controls organizational behavior." The review investigates the research of prison, organizational, and communication scholars to see how prison cultures shape inmate behavior and inhibit an inmate's desire to rehabilitate. An interpretive stance was taken with the literature review, since this was seen as an approach that could explain and critique the subjective and shared meanings that constitute reality. The research examined, however, has not explained why prison cultures form; most of the research on prison cultures looks at some aspect of socialization or the use of socialized roles. Strong negative attitudes against training in general are evident, and it is not difficult to imagine why some training programs in prisons fail miserably. Further study should be undertaken on prison cultures because a better understanding of inmate behavior could result in lower recidivism rates. However, there seem to be many prison-related "cultural" barriers that hinder rehabilitative efforts. Future research could identify and explain these barriers to help lower their negative effect on the desire to rehabilitate. An interpretive approach coupled with more quantitative methods will strengthen the value of the results. (Contains 32 references.) (NKA)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A