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ERIC Number: ED398340
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996-Apr
Pages: 8
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
School Structures, School Size and Equal Opportunity: Teacher Placement Policy and the Need for Community Resistance.
Ochoa, Alberto M.; Jerjis, Raad
Teachers in urban schools, on gaining seniority, frequently leave these culturally diverse and complex schools, only to be replaced by new teachers who are less prepared. This exploratory study examined the staffing patterns of elementary schools from 1991-1992 to 1993-1994 in the San Diego City School District (California), focusing on the policy that allows a teacher to change his or her school assignment after 3 years. Eighty elementary schools in a middle to high income area were compared with 74 schools in a low income area. Only about 10% of the schools did not fit the assumed income generalization. The comparison examined school size, achievement trends, characteristics of the recently hired school staff for 1991 to 1994, and school district teacher placement practices. The study documents that the most complex schools with regard to academic attainment and special populations of students (Chapter 1, homeless, migrant, and recent immigrants) have the least experienced teachers, suffer from low teacher morale, and have a curriculum that is less demanding academically. Many low-income schools have literally replaced their total teaching staff over a 3-year period. This policy creates a condition of unequal educational opportunity for students who need the most committed and able teachers. (Contains seven references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A