ERIC Number: ED398018
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Jun
Rural Education and Training.
Rural Development Perspectives, v10 n3 Jun 1995
This special theme issue reports key results from a comprehensive assessment of skill development among the rural workforce and of rural education and job training in rural areas. This comprehensive assessment had three goals: to develop better measures of rural skills than were previously available, to identify human capital initiatives that contribute to rural economic development, and to develop a fuller understanding of barriers that prevent rural individuals from obtaining needed job skills. Six of the eight articles in this issue report extensive statistical analyses of major government surveys of households, students, and schools. These surveys include the 1987-88 Schools and Staffing Survey, the National Assessment of Educational Progress, the National Education Longitudinal Study of 1988, the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, the 1992 National Adult Literacy Survey, and job training supplements to Current Population Surveys. Across the articles, major themes emerge: (1) the rural skill development system is a complex composite of troubling weaknesses and surprising strengths; (2) rural schools are more effective than expected based on their resources; and (3) many rural areas are trapped in a vicious circle, in which low worker skills and low demand for high-skilled workers are mutually reinforcing. Articles are: (1) "Introduction to Special Issue on Rural Skills" (Paul L. Swaim); (2) "Rural Schools: Fewer Highly Trained Teachers and Special Programs, but Better Learning Environment" (Dale Ballou, Michael Podgursky); (3) "Nonmetro Student Achievement on Par with Metro" (Elizabeth J. Greenberg, Ruy A. Teixeira); (4) "More Rural Students Are Graduating from High School, but a Serious Dropout Problem Remains" (Kathleen M. Paasch, Paul L. Swaim); (5) "Going Away to College and Wider Urban Job Opportunities Take Highly Educated Youth Away from Rural Areas" (Robert M. Gibbs); (6) "Workers with Higher Literacy Skills Not As Well Rewarded in Rural Areas" (Elizabeth J. Greenberg, Paul L. Swaim, Ruy A. Teixeira); (7) "Job Training Lags for Rural Workers" (Paul L. Swaim); and (8) "More Metro than Nonmetro Students Have Access to Computers, but Their Rates of Usage Are Similar" (Elizabeth J. Greenberg). Articles contain references, descriptions of data sources and methodology used, and numerous data tables and figures. (SV)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Adult Literacy, Dropouts, Educational Attainment, Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education, Human Capital, Job Skills, Job Training, Labor Force, National Surveys, Rural Areas, Rural Development, Rural Education, Rural Population, Rural Schools, Rural to Urban Migration, Rural Urban Differences, Rural Youth
Publication Type: Collected Works - Serials; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Economic Research Service (USDA), Washington, DC.
Note: For abstracts of individual articles, see RC 511 455-468.