ERIC Number: ED397882
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1996-Jun
Results of Survey of Community College ESL Programs.
Shoemaker, Connie L.
To gather background data for a workshop on English as a Second Language (ESL) instruction at community colleges, 180 colleges across the United States were surveyed regarding ESL programs and problem areas. Completed questionnaires were received from 34% of the colleges, representing 60 ESL programs in 13 states. Study findings included the following: (1) only 7 of the 60 programs were privately run, while more than half of the remaining college-funded programs were in departments other than English or Foreign Language; (2) 20% of the programs were intensive, offering 20 to 25 hours per week, while 51% were semi-intensive, offering 10 to 19 hours per week; (3) the number of students served per semester ranged from 6 to 3,000 at California's Orange Coast College; (4) 54 programs cited Asian cultures as one of their major groups, while 42 mentioned Hispanics; (5) 50 of the colleges indicated that they used a placement test, with in-house tests being the most common instruments used; (6) an average of only 32% of the teachers hired into the ESL programs were full-time; and (7) major problem areas cited by respondents included housing for international students, unwillingness of non-ESL faculty to adapt instructional methods to meet ESL students needs, the quality of advising, and funding. The survey instrument is appended. (BCY)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Arapahoe Community Coll., Littleton, CO. Spring International Language Center.
Note: Materials used in a presentation at the Annual Conference of NAFSA: Association of International Educators (48th, Phoenix, AZ, June 4-7, 1996).