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ERIC Number: ED397647
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1996
Pages: 14
Abstractor: N/A
The Article Acquisition in English as a Foreign Language.
Park, Ki-Hwa
A study examined the acquisition order of English article functions, and attempts to explain the results in terms of transfer and language universals. Subjects were French, German, Japanese, and Korean students, aged 10-15 years, studying English as a second language in schools in Seoul, Korea. All were administered a test consisting of 18 multiple-choice questions, 16 error-correction items, and 19 composition questions. Each item had a context description in the student's native language, intended to elicit a particular article function. Article functions were classified in six categories: deictic reference; exophoric reference; anaphoric reference; non-specific reference; generic reference; and nominative function. It was found, as anticipated, that the French and German students, whose first language has an article system, earned higher scores than the Japanese and Korean students. It was also found that the acquisition order of English article functions was similar regardless of the existence of an article system in the native language. In all groups, functions of "the" appeared to be acquired in this order: deictic reference; anaphoric reference; then exophoric reference. Acquisition of functions of "a" shows a slightly different order according to group background conditions. Contains 22 references. (Author/MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A