ERIC Number: ED397562
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996-Oct
The Uses of Time for Teaching and Learning. [Volume I: Findings and Conclusions.] Studies of Education Reform.
Adelman, Nancy E.; And Others
This study examines three aspects of educational time: (1) quantity of time in school; (2) quality of time in school; and (3) students' uses of out-of-school time. The study identified two types of strategies that altered school uses of time--multiage groupings, and flexible school schedules. It concludes that the decision to increase the quantity of time for teaching and learning represents a hollow goal and can even work against other important changes. Undertaking quick policy fixes to extend the school day or year is ill-advised, particularly without deliberate and consensual assessment. Other findings are that: (1) extending noninstructional time at school has important impacts on students; (2) students are willing to commit their free time to well-conceived and well-structured activities provided through their local schools; (3) flexible schedules are important for schools serving at-risk high school students; (4) the most important commodity in which to invest is time itself; and (5) failure to invest in the necessary resources, particularly time, can doom even the most promising innovations. Two exhibits and two figures are included. (Contains 43 references.) (LMI)
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Extended School Day, Extended School Year, Flexible Scheduling, Mixed Age Grouping, Nongraded Instructional Grouping, Private Schools, Public Schools, School Schedules, Student Interests, Time Blocks, Time Factors (Learning), Time Management
U.S. Government Printing Office, Superintendent of Documents, Mail Stop: SSOP, Washington, DC 20402-9328.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Policy Studies Associates, Inc., Washington, DC.
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A