ERIC Number: ED397481
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1996-Mar
Women's Education for Economic Development in Cross Section of Countries.
International organizations and researchers in the field of education and development have emphasized the importance of women's education for the social and economic development of Third World countries. However, women's educational levels are lower than men's in most countries throughout the world. This paper presents findings of a study that examined the impact of the educational gender gap on economic growth in developing countries. Methods involved correlation and regression analyses of two data sets--"Data Set for a Panel of 138 Countries" (Barro and Lee 1994) and "World Tables 1993" (World Bank). Gender gap variables included years of schooling, educational attainment, and school-enrollment rates. Findings indicate that almost all of the educational gender gap variables, except for the percentage of the population completing primary education, had positive effects on economic growth. Gender gaps at higher levels of education tended to have a stronger positive impact on economic growth. Men's education had greater positive impacts on economic growth than did women's education. The surprising findings may be explained by the existence of a structural gender gap underlying the gap in education. In other words, there is another significant societal gender discrimination that makes the educational gender gap meaningless. Five tables are included. (LMI)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Comparative and International Education Society (Williamsburg, VA, March 1996).