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ERIC Number: ED397376
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996-Mar-15
Pages: 44
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Parenting Style and Family Environment as They Relate to Academic Achievement and Problem Behaviors in Older Adolescents.
Slicker, Ellen K.
Research on the four prototypic parenting styles has consistently demonstrated their relationship to psychosocial adjustment in offspring from preschool children to high school students. The present study used self-report surveys administered to 2,255 graduating high school seniors (HS) and 419 university freshmen (UF). Students indicated their levels of participation in problem and conventional behaviors, as well as ratings of their parents on three parenting dimensions: acceptance, behavioral control, and democracy. The study found that the "democracy" dimension was not needed to effectively define authoritative parenting after the other two dimensions were considered. Parenting style was significantly related to older adolescent behavioral outcome in the HS sample (p<.0001) and in the UF sample (p<.05). This study extends the age range for which the classic parenting style typology applies from high school students in general to graduating high school seniors and college freshmen and expands the parenting style typology to include a fifth, middle range, parenting style. Previously established advantages and disadvantages of the four classic parenting styles, plus the middle range style, persist even when they were extended into older adolescence. Influence of parenting style appears to wane with increasing age of older adolescents, especially after a semester of college. Contains 46 references and 4 tables. (Author/JBJ)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A