ERIC Number: ED397248
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
American Business and Older Workers: A Road Map to the 21st Century.
American Association of Retired Persons, Washington, DC.
A survey of a random sample of 400 companies (100 in each of 4 size groupings) was taken in December 1994 to determine business attitudes toward older workers (defined as 50 or older) and to provide insight into how older workers can best position themselves in order to get and keep the jobs they need. In each company the person interviewed was the executive with senior responsibility for making human resources decisions. Some of the findings were as follows: (1) productivity is up, driven by technology and fear; (2) health care costs have been contained, often by dropping coverage of retirees and dependents; (3) computer skills are now essential for managers; (4) the culture of "doing more with less" is spawning morale problems such as stress, resentment, and violence; (5) the loss of older workers as a result of downsizing is seen as a problem, but there is much less attention paid to recruiting, hiring, retaining, or training older workers or preparing older workers for retirement; (6) older workers as new employees are seen as a bit of a bargain, willing to accept lower wages and fewer benefits than they were getting before; (7) an obstacle to hiring or retaining older workers is the perception that older workers lack flexibility and are resistant to technology; (8) human resources decision makers have problems hiring older workers because they sense younger managers do not really want older workers, they feel embarrassed by the desperation of older applicants, and they assume an older worker will take the job offered for less pay but keep looking and leave soon; and (9) human resources decision makers believe strongly that the day of the older worker is yet to come based on the mounting need for quality and skill, which are older workers' best attributes. The "Conclusions" page cites a list of thirteen do's and don'ts for the older worker in finding and keeping a job. (KC)
Descriptors: Age Discrimination, Dislocated Workers, Employer Attitudes, Employment Problems, Equal Opportunities (Jobs), Job Layoff, Middle Aged Adults, Older Adults, Older Workers, Social Bias, Work Attitudes
American Association of Retired Persons, Fulfillment, 601 E Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20049 (order no. D13827).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: American Association of Retired Persons, Washington, DC.
Note: Study conducted by DYG, Inc.