ERIC Number: ED397247
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1996
Temporary Work and the Labour Market.
Atkinson, J.; And Others
A 1995 study of recent developments in temporary work in Britain was based on survey data from 979 workplaces and interviews with 23 employers and employment agencies. Data were collected through a postal questionnaire survey and face-to-face interviews. Findings indicated that temporary working was widespread with over half the respondents currently employing temporary workers. Two reasons emerged very clearly as the main rationale for using temporary workers: matching staffing levels to peaks in demand and short-term coverage while staff were away on holiday or sick leave. Some evidence supported the theory that temporary work could be a stepping stone back into permanent employment. Employers identified these disadvantages with using temporary workers: temporary workers were thought to be less reliable, needed in-house training, and were considered less productive. The recent increase in temporary employment was most notable within professional occupations. Direct recruitment of temporary workers remained dominant and was cited by just over half of respondents. Nearly one-third used private agencies. The survey found that 68 percent of those who employed temporary staff had appointed at least one temporary employee to a permanent position in the past 3 years. The flow into permanent work was more marked in three sectors: distribution, business services, and other services. (Appendixes include the methodology, questionnaire, and 38-item bibliography.) (YLB)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Career Education, Employer Attitudes, Employment Patterns, Foreign Countries, Labor Market, Part Time Employment, Personnel Policy, Personnel Selection, Recruitment, Temporary Employment
BEBC Distribution, 15 Albion Close, Parkstone, Poole BH12 3LL, England, United Kingdom.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Sussex Univ., Brighton (England). Inst. for Employment Studies.
Note: Manpower Commentary Series.