ERIC Number: ED396932
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1996-Apr
Making Grades: How High School Science Teachers Determine Report Card Grades.
Feldman, Allan; And Others
A significant aspect of recent reform efforts is a strong move to change assessment techniques. When the focus of the reform is on changing teachers' practices of assessment and evaluation of students, the issue of how they incorporate the mechanisms of assigning grades into their teaching becomes important. The purpose of this study was to provide an in-depth look at the ways that teachers use the information that they have about their students from tests, quizzes, projects, book and lab reports, essay scores, and class discussion to arrive at a summative evaluation of the student's achievement in class. Data was collected using surveys and interviews. Findings suggest that a significant fraction of teachers use point systems for calculating report card grades where students collect points for their performance on tests and quizzes and for the completion of tasks such as lab reports and homework and then exchange these points for a grade at the end of the marking period. Other significant outcomes include the following: it appears that there has been little or no effect of recent reform efforts on the assessment practices of high school science teachers and there is some indication that science teachers appear to be enthusiastic about the use of computer software to aid in keeping their grading records and for calculating report card grades. Contains 14 references. (JRH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (New York, NY, April 8-12, 1996).