ERIC Number: ED396862
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994
Border Issues in Education, Part 1 [and] Part 2.
Alexander-Kasparik, Rosalind, Ed.; Soulas, John, Comp.
SEDLETTER, v6 n3 Sep-Dec 1993 v7 n1 Jan-Apr 1994
These newsletters examine issues in education along the United States and Mexico border. Topics in Part 1 include the ramifications of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) for education, the impact of immigration on schools, and the structure and history of the Mexican educational system and its reforms in theory and practice. Educators along the border have voiced concerns about the effects of NAFTA, most notably the impact of population growth on school facilities and budgets already stretched by illegal and legal immigration and the movement of populations from rural to urban areas on both sides of the border. Many in the United States are alarmed at the continuing waves of immigrants and discriminate against both legal and illegal immigrants. In any case the areas of concern that have been most frequently cited by border educators and experts have been growth and immigration. Some saw the burgeoning population as an opportunity; others saw it as a problem. Nevertheless, all agreed that action must be taken to develop curriculum alignment between the United States and Mexico, teacher training and exchange, and the use of telecommunications and teleconferencing in border states education. This report also looks at characteristics of immigrant students, profiles a Mexican college student who has attended school in both Mexico and the United States, and highlights research pertaining to Hispanic immigrant students. In Part II, sections draw upon interviews with teachers and administrators in Laredo (Texas) and Nuevo Laredo (Tamaulipas, Mexico) and cover the following topics: (1) an agreement between the U.S. and Mexican Education Secretaries to foster binational curriculum alignment, and the difficulty of lack of congruence between the two national education systems; (2) cross-national differences in teacher education and certification; (3) needs for more bilingual teachers and for cross-cultural staff development in the United States, and inadquacies of U.S. teacher training and binational teacher exchange programs; (4) bilingual education and second language learning; (5) advantages of two-way bilingual programs for all students; (6) politics and controversies surrounding bilingual education; (7) need for comprehensive social services for children and families along the border; (8) special education and mainstreaming in both countries; (9) plans by the Southwest Educational Development Laboratory to foster development of a binational vision of what border education should be; and (10) immigration phobia. This issue also contains an interview with Derrick Bell on race and racism in American education. (SV)
Publication Type: Collected Works - Serials; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Education, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Southwest Educational Development Lab., Austin, TX.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: North American Free Trade Agreement