ERIC Number: ED396733
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1996
A Qualitative Study of Learning from CAL Programs in Two Tertiary Education Courses.
The purpose of this paper is to consider a range of qualitative aspects and measures of student learning in current use, and to consider the insights into student learning that these provide. In this study, a measure of depth of processing, the Structure of Observed Learning Outcomes (SOLO) taxonomy developed by J. B. Biggs and F. K. Collis (1982) was applied. To determine whether students learn in depth when using computer assisted learning (CAL) programs, an evaluation study was carried out on two groups of postsecondary level education students who used a CAL program to learn a particular aspect of their course. Students were asked a question about the material they had studied which required an open ended and structured response. This question was assessed using the SOLO taxonomy, which assessed depth of learning in terms of the relationships that student constructed, and the structured nature of the student's response. One study showed a high level of SOLO responses, which the other indicated a very low level. Research using the Study Process Questionnaire (SPQ) has indicated that many learners do not use an approach that would lead to a deep level response. All students were asked to complete the SPQ at the beginning of each study. The comparison between the SPQ and SOLO scores highlights the difference between the two groups of students evaluated. Interpretive data was gathered from both groups of students on their use of the program. Although neither program used generative learning strategies, many students in one group did show evidence of deep learning. (Contains 11 references.) (AEF)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: In: Learning Technologies: Prospects and Pathways. Selected papers from EdTech '96 Biennial Conference of the Australian Society for Educational Technology (Melbourne, Australia, July 7-10, 1996); see IR 017 931.