ERIC Number: ED396613
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1996-Mar-12
Student Empowerment: Definition, Implications, and Strategies for Implementation.
Duhon-Haynes, Gwendolyn M.
This review of the literature defines the concept of student empowerment, discusses the implications of student empowerment in educational settings, and outlines strategies for facilitating increased empowerment. A definition of "empowerment" as "bringing into a state of belief one's ability to act effectively," is offered and the critical importance of effective relationships between teachers and students is stressed. Principles of mutual respect, validation, and a focus on success are seen as empowering both students and teachers. Increased teacher empowerment is seen to be facilitated by encouraging teacher ownership of change, teacher choices, professional autonomy, decision-making, responsibility, independence, risk-taking, collaboration, and self-evaluation. Empowered teachers are expected to empower students. Corollaries of the empowering philosophy concerning conceptions of learning, knowledge, development, and classrooms are outlined. (Contains 9 references.) (DB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Third World Symposium (Grambling, Louisiana, March 12, 1996).