ERIC Number: ED396495
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1995-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
A Comparison of Job Satisfaction and Economic Benefits of Four Different Employment Models for Persons with Disabilities.
Coker, Charles C.; And Others
This study compared four different extended employment models for people with disabilities using a procedure to control for disability characteristics. The study compared sheltered employment, enclaves, affirmative industry, and supported employment involving a job coach. Four samples of workers (total N=160) were matched on age, gender, measured intelligence, primary disability, secondary disability, and performance on a Functional Assessment Inventory. Wage and benefits information as well as fees for supportive services were obtained and each worker was interviewed using an instrument designed to assess job satisfaction, socialization and integration, etc. Findings indicated: (1) the sheltered employment model scored lowest on most measures except annual number of days worked and job variety; (2) the enclave model's major negative factor was low number of days worked per year; (3) the affirmative industry model was very stable but downtime and job awareness of workers were deficits; and (4) the job coach model, the only individual model, paid the highest hourly wages and had the highest productivity but dependence on the job coach and a short work day were deficits. The importance of consumer choice in model selection is stressed. Tables and text present the data and conclusions in substantial detail. Appendices include the data collection forms and item analysis of job awareness and satisfaction questions. (Contains 50 references.) (DB)
Descriptors: Adults, Cost Effectiveness, Delivery Systems, Disabilities, Employee Attitudes, Employment Programs, Job Satisfaction, Mental Retardation, Models, Program Effectiveness, Sheltered Workshops, Social Integration, Supported Employment, Vocational Rehabilitation, Wages
University of Wisconsin-Stout, Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Improving Community Based Rehabilitation Programs, Menomonie, WI 54751-0798 ($9.95).
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (ED/OSERS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ. - Stout, Menomonie. Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Improving Community-Based Rehabilitation Programs.