ERIC Number: ED396446
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1996-Apr
Discipline in Public and Religious Elementary and Secondary Schools: A Comparative Analysis.
Denig, Stephen J.
Previous studies using the Pupil-Control Ideology Scale (PCI) have found that in general, secondary school teachers have a more custodial attitude toward pupil control than do primary school teachers, and that public school teachers have a more custodial attitude than do religious school teachers. Teachers with custodial attitudes tend to distrust students and to control their behavior through punitive sanctions. This paper presents findings of a study that replicated previous studies of the effect of school type and school level on teachers' perceptions of student control. A total of 405 teachers from 40 schools--20 public and 20 religious--completed the PCI. Contrary to previous research, the data found no significant difference between the pupil-control ideologies of religious school teachers and public school teachers. Data show that secondary school teachers were more custodial than primary school teachers; however, public school teachers were not found to be more custodial than religious school teachers. When both school level and type were considered together, an interactive effect was found: public school teachers at the primary level were the least custodial (most humanistic) and public school teachers at the secondary level were the most custodial. (Contains 49 references.) Two tables and one figure are included. (Author/LMI)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (New York, NY, April 8-12, 1996).