ERIC Number: ED396105
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Job Training Partnership Act. Long-Term Earnings and Employment Outcomes. Report to Congressional Requesters.
General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Health, Education, and Human Services Div.
The General Accounting Office (GAO) examined the long-term earnings and employment outcomes of Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA) programs. Data from the National JTPA Study and annual earnings records from the Social Security Administration were used to calculate the average earnings and employment rates of four target groups (adult men, adult women, male youths, and female youths) for 5 years after their acceptance into the study. Although the statistical analysis showed some positive effects of JTPA in the years immediately following training, JTPA failed to produce any significant effect on earnings or employment rates after 5 years. In some earlier years, adult men and women who received training had earnings or employment rates significantly higher than did their counterparts in the control group. By year 5, however, each of the four treatment groups had earnings and employment rates that were nominally higher than those of the control group. The higher earnings could not be attributed to JTPA rather than to chance alone, however, because none of the fifth-year differences was statistically significant. (Twenty tables/figures are included. Appended are the following: data sources and methodology; data and statistics for the report's figures; and comments from the Department of Labor and GAO.) (MN)
Descriptors: Adults, Employment Level, Employment Patterns, Employment Programs, Federal Programs, Followup Studies, Job Training, Outcomes of Education, Salary Wage Differentials, Sex Differences, Tables (Data), Wages, Youth Employment
U.S. General Accounting Office, P.O. Box 6015, Gaithersburg, MD 20884-6015 (first copy free; additional copies $2 each; 100 or more: 25% discount).
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Health, Education, and Human Services Div.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Job Training Partnership Act 1982