ERIC Number: ED396045
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Taking Stock: The Movement To Create Mini-Schools, Schools-within-Schools, and Separate Small Schools. Urban Diversity Series No. 108.
Raywid, Mary Anne
Many educators see school downsizing efforts as the linchpin of school restructuring. Several forms that school downsizing efforts are taking are explored, along with a discussion of the reasons for which small schools are being established. The types of subschools that are being launched (houses, mini-schools, schools-within-schools) are described. The largely exploratory study is derived from an extensive review of the literature and documentation, evaluation, and policy studies of 22 schools-within-schools and small schools conducted over the past 15 years. Experiences in three cities, New York (New York), Philadelphia (Pennsylvania), and Chicago (Illinois), are highlighted. The evidence suggests that there are multiple reasons for downsizing, notably the enhancement of commitment and performance and the development of teachers and students. A number of subunits, subschools, and small schools have been quite successful in achieving better attendance, more positive attitudes, and greater achievement. Schools that have been designed and operated as distinctive and autonomous entities have had a better chance of success. While downsizing is clearly no magic bullet, it can increase student participation, reduce dropouts, improve achievement, and enhance teacher efficacy. (Contains 2 figures and 136 references.) (SLD)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Attendance, Educational Change, Elementary Secondary Education, Participation, Professional Development, School Restructuring, School Size, Small Schools, Student Attitudes, Urban Schools
ERIC Clearinghouse on Urban Education, Box 40, Teachers College, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027.
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; ERIC Publications
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Urban Education, New York, NY.; Center on Organization and Restructuring of Schools, Madison, WI.