ERIC Number: ED395973
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
A Comparison of Multiple-Choice and Constructed Figural Response Items.
Martinez, Michael E.
In contrast to multiple-choice test questions, figural response items call for constructed responses and rely upon figural material, such as illustrations and graphs, as the response medium. Figural response questions in various science domains were created and administered to a sample of 347 fourth, 365 eighth, and 322 twelfth graders. Data were gathered in conjunction with field testing for the 1990 National Assessment of Educational Progress. Item and test statistics from parallel sets of figural response and multiple-choice questions were compared. Figural response items were generally more difficult, especially for questions that were difficult (p<.5) in their constructed-response forms. Figural response questions were also slightly more discriminating and reliable than their multiple-choice counterparts, but had higher omit rates. The paper addresses the relevance of guessing to figural response items and the diagnostic value of the item type. Plans for future research on figural response items are discussed. An appendix describes figural response items. (Contains 3 tables, 10 figures, and 20 references.) (Author/SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ.
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: National Assessment of Educational Progress