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ERIC Number: ED395969
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Differential Item Functioning for Males and Females on SAT-Verbal Reading Subscore Items: Follow-up Study.
Lawrence, Ida M.; Curley, W. Edward
This study was conducted to attempt to verify findings from an earlier study by I. M. Lawrence, W. E. Curley, and F. J. McHale (1988) in which differential item functioning (DIF) was examined for females on Reading subscore items from four forms of the Scholastic Aptitude Test-Verbal (SAT-V). The specific focus of this research was on verifying the technical science hypothesis as a contributing factor to DIF for females on science reading comprehension questions and the true-science classification as a contributing factor to DIF for females on sentence completion items. The total male sample for 3 SAT forms was 311,517 and the total female sample was 357,941. Confirmatory evidence for the factors identified in the earlier study is not clear-cut in this study. For reading comprehension items, the presence of technical science material in a reading passage tends to make the corresponding items more difficult for females. However, some items associated with highly technical passages do not function differently for males and females. With respect to sentence completion items, there was partial support for the hypothesis that true-science items are more difficult for females. However, the limited number of items studied does not warrant statements about the differential functioning of sentence completion items. An appendix contains some sample technical science reading comprehension items. (Contains six figures, seven tables, and two references.) (Author/SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ.
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: SAT (College Admission Test)