ERIC Number: ED395728
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996
Reference Count: N/A
Stabilizing Indigenous Languages. Perspectives: Center for Excellence in Education Monograph Series. [Proceedings of Two Symposia (Flagstaff, Arizona, November 1994 and May 1995).]
Cantoni, Gina, Ed.
In November 1994 and May 1995, two symposia on stabilizing indigenous languages were attended by U.S. and Canadian tribal educators and experts on linguistics, language renewal, and language teaching. Participants sought to lay out a blueprint of policy changes, educational reforms, and community initiatives to stabilize and revitalize American Indian, Hawaiian, and Alaska Native languages. These symposia included a survey of the historical, current, and projected status of indigenous languages in North America as well as extensive dialogues on the roles of families, communities, and schools in promoting their use and maintenance. Participants emphasized "success stories" that document how language maintenance and transmission can become a reality. This proceedings contains individual presentations and summaries of roundtables on needs and rationale, Native American language and educational policies, families and communities, and education (including sessions on early childhood education, bilingual programs in schools, and higher education). Major presentations include: (1) a preface (Richard E. Littlebear); (2) "Rationale and Needs for Stabilizing Indigenous Languages" (Jon Reyhner); (3) "Status of Native American Language Endangerment" (Michael Krauss); (4) "Aboriginal Language Maintenance, Development, and Enhancement: A Review of Literature" (Barbara Burnaby); (5) "OBEMLA's Commitment to Endangered Languages" (Dang T. Pham); (6) "Seven Hypotheses on Language Loss: Causes and Cures" (James Crawford); (7) "What Do You Lose When You Lose Your Language?" (Joshua Fishman); (8) "What My Hualapai Language Means to Me" (Damon Clarke); and (9) "Maintaining Languages: What Works? What Doesn't?" (Joshua Fishman). Additional papers describe language programs in American Samoa, Northwest Territories (Canada), Hawaii, Alaska, Mexico, and schools serving the Navajo and Salt River reservations. Appendices include a list of participants, bibliographies of selected resources, and a model for promoting Native American language preservation and teaching. (SV)
Descriptors: Alaska Natives, American Indian Education, American Indian Languages, American Indians, Bilingual Education, Bilingual Education Programs, Canada Natives, Community Action, Early Childhood Education, Elementary Secondary Education, Eskimo Aleut Languages, Family Role, Hawaiian, Hawaiians, Higher Education, Indigenous Populations, Language Maintenance, Native Language Instruction, School Community Relationship, School Role
Bilingual/Multicultural Education Program, Center for Excellence in Education, P.O. Box 5774, Northern Arizona Univ., Flagstaff, AZ 86011-5774.
Publication Type: Books; Collected Works - Proceedings
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Bilingual Education and Minority Languages Affairs (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Northern Arizona Univ., Flagstaff. Center for Excellence in Education.