ERIC Number: ED395521
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992
Reference Count: N/A
The Interpretation of Implicature in English by NNS: Does It Come Automatically--Without Being Explicitly Taught?
Bouton, Lawrence F.
Pragmatics and Language Learning, v3 p53-65 1992
A 1991 study investigated the extent to which living in the United States and communicating daily in English provided students of English as a Second Language (ESL) with skills in interpreting implicature. Subjects were 30 students tested in a 1986 study of ESL implicature who were retested with a battery of four tests: structure; cloze; dictation; and a measure designed specifically to test ability to interpret implicatures in English. Analysis of changes in scores from the early to the later testing showed improvement in implicature interpretation, but the skills still differed significantly from those of native speakers. Improvement was noted particularly in items in which knowledge of American culture was important and those in which understated criticism was a basis for the implicature. (MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Journal Articles
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A