ERIC Number: ED395519
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992
Reference Count: N/A
Conversational Openings in Kiswahili: The Pragmatic Performance of Native and Non-Native Speakers.
Omar, Alwiya S.
Pragmatics and Language Learning, v3 p20-32 1992
A study investigated the production of conventional conversational openings by five advanced learners of Kiswahili with experience in the Kiswahili speaking environment. Native speakers of Kiswahili usually engage in lengthy openings including several phatic inquiries (PIs) and phatic responses (PRs). The number and manner in which the PIs and PRs are produced depend on the age difference of participants. Participants of the same age compete in PI production, resulting in PI/PR and PI/PI overlaps and successive PIs produced by one participant. PIs and PRs are produced at a rapid rate If there is an age difference, the younger participant initiates the opening by producing a respectful greeting form, and the older person produces most of the PIs. The advanced non-native speakers were pragmatically aware of Kiswahili openings and were native-like in the way they engaged in lengthy greetings. However, the learners' openings were produced at a slow pace, resulting in non-overlapping reciprocity with each participant awaiting his turn. Results show variability in learners' performance both across individual learners and across situations. (MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Journal Articles
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A