ERIC Number: ED395518
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992
Do We All Apologize the Same?--An Empirical Study on the Act of Apologizing by Spanish Speakers Learning English.
Pragmatics and Language Learning, v3 p1-19 1992
A study examined the production of English apology strategies by Spanish speakers learning English, by analyzing the remedial move in native and non-native social interactions. To restore harmony when an offensive act has been committed, remedial exchanges are performed according to the rules of speaking and the social norms of the speech community; different cultural patterns in the act of apologizing will be reflected in the use of different apology strategies and their intensification during remedial work. Subjects were 29 native speakers of English from the United States and 29 native Peninsular Spanish speakers learning English, who were posed eight situations, each including an offensive action. Responses were elicited. The degree of severity of the offense, age of interactants, and degree of familiarity between interactants were systematically varied to observe their effect on the apologies elicited. Results revealed cultural dissimilarities in the Peninsular Spanish and American English apology systems, and the subsequent transfer strategies of native rules of speaking to the target language. They also show different degrees of intensification between native and non-native responses. Implications for second language teaching are discussed. (MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Journal Articles
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: For complete volume, see FL 023 890.