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ERIC Number: ED395259
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996
Pages: 5
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1043-8734
Gender Bias and Children's Perceptions of the 1996 Olympic Games Pictograms.
Chroni, Stiliani; And Others
Melpomene Journal, v15 n1 p18-21 Spr 1996
The Atlanta Committee for the 1996 Olympic Games (ACOG) has introduced official pictograms for the 1996 Centennial Olympic Games. These black-on-white silhouettes of 31 athletic events were purported to represent both women and men performers. In order to test that assertion, a study was conducted to determine if the Olympic pictograms were perceived to be gender neutral or gender biased by overrepresentation of male figures to symbolize athletic events. It was hypothesized that if the proposed pictograms were gender neutral in content and form, then children would be just as likely to identify the figures as either men or women; and, conversely, if the children perceived the pictograms as predominately male figures, then it would suggest that women are being left out of the images proposed by ACOG. A questionnaire packet was developed in order to investigate how children (n=779) from third through seventh grades perceived the gender of the athletes depicted in the ACOG pictograms. Each packet contained the 31 pictograms, one pictogram per page, randomly ordered. Each child was asked to circle a choice that completed an unfinished statement that appeared below each figure to elicit the child's perception of the gender of each pictogram. The fact that 33% of the children in this study interpreted the purportedly universal figures as "definitely a man," particularly in coed events, strongly suggests the proposed pictograms are culturally biased. (TS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Journal Articles
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A