ERIC Number: ED395000
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-Jun
The Four Generations of Computerized Educational Measurement.
Bunderson, C. Victor; And Others
Educational measurement is undergoing a revolution due to the rapid dissemination of information-processing technology. The recent growth in computing resources and their widespread dissemination in daily life have brought about irreversible changes in educational measurement. Recent developments in computerized measurement are summarized by placing them in a four-generation framework in which each generation represents a genus of increasing sophistication and power as follows: (1) computerized testing--administering conventional tests by computer; (2) computerized adaptive testing--tailoring the difficulty or contents of the next piece presented or an aspect of the timing of the next item on the basis of examinees' responses; (3) continuous measurement--using calibrated measures embedded in a curriculum to continuously and unobtrusively estimate dynamic changes in the student's achievement trajectory and profile as a learner; and (4) intelligent measurement--producing intelligent scoring, interpretation of individual profiles, and advice to learners and teachers by means of knowledge bases and inferencing procedures. The suggested framework may contribute to discourse in the field and facilitate communication about the rapidly developing issues. (Contains 5 tables, 2 figures, and 158 references.) (Author/SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ.
Note: In: Linn, R. L., Ed. "Educational Measurement" (3rd edition). New York: Macmillan, 1988.