ERIC Number: ED394567
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1996-Feb
From Teaching to Learning, from Managing to Leading: Facilitation Skills To Bridge the Gap.
Barr, Karen; Dailey, Beth
The movement from a teacher-centered to a student-centered classroom environment requires that teachers utilize facilitation skills for effective collaborative learning. Collaboration is the process of shared creation in which two or more individuals with complementary skills interact to create a shared understanding that did not previously exist. Primary facilitative functions include interventions to provide support for task completion, content acquisition, group processes or self-directed learning. Types of interventions involved in facilitation include those which focus on developing critical thinking skills, those that encourage member participation through the use of critical questioning, and those that encourage problem-solving and decision-making. The following facilitation skills can help cultivate collaboration in classrooms and within organizations: (1) refocusing on issues when necessary to keep discussions from bogging down; (2) validating and bridging topics to transition from one theme to another; (3) using the energy of the group to drive discussions; (4) inviting input and feedback; (5) setting a cooperative climate; (6) coaching to draw out what individuals already know; (7) active listening; and (8) proactively intervening in conflicts. Contains 12 references. (TGI)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: In: The Olympics of Leadership: Overcoming Obstacles, Balancing Skills, Taking Risks. Proceedings of the Annual International Conference of the National Community College Chair Academy (5th, Phoenix, AZ, February 14-17, 1996); see JC 960 276.