ERIC Number: ED394196
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994-Dec
Spending and Revenue for Children's Programs.
Gold, Steven D.; Ellwood, Deborah
This paper provides an overview of financing patterns and mechanisms for public education and other services for children. It describes overall levels of support and significant trends over time in funding patterns. The paper also compares and contrasts the financing arrangements and trends in the different children's service sectors, highlighting the differences in revenue raising (and related governance) responsibilities between the different governmental levels. Issues to be considered in earmarking funds for children in the coming years are raised. The paper answers two principal questions: (1) How much is spent by governments on children's programs and what are the main components? and (2) Where does the revenue for these programs come from? Government-financed services only are considered; private programs are ignored. The paper summarizes that funding for children's programs may come from either general or earmarked sources. Most of it is from general taxes. Earmarking may have more potential as a device for increasing spending for children's programs other than education, particularly those with relatively small budgets. The potential for increased revenue is inextricably linked to how well programs operate. Because intergovernmental competition constrains the ability to raise taxes, it is desirable for state and local governments to receive more federal aid. Seven tables are included. The Finance Project and its available resources are included. (LMI)
Descriptors: Budgets, Educational Finance, Elementary Secondary Education, Expenditures, Federal Aid, Financial Support, Income, Social Services, State Aid, Tax Allocation, Tax Effort
The Finance Project, 1341 G Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20005 ($5).
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Finance Project, Washington, DC.
Note: Paper presented at the Roundtable on Financing for Education and Other Services for School-Age Children (October 12-14, 1994).