ERIC Number: ED394186
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1996-Apr
Trends in School District Demographics, 1986-87 to 1990-91. Statistical Analysis Report.
Levine, Roger E.; And Others
Each year, comparable and comprehensive data about all of the nation's public elementary and secondary schools, local education agencies (LEAs), and state education agencies (SEAs) are collected through administration of the Common Core of Data (CCD) Surveys. This report summarizes CCD data for a period (1986-87 to 1990-91) during which major changes were occurring in the demographics of the nation's public school population. Enrollments in public schools began increasing after a decade of decline. The racial-ethnic composition of the student population was also changing, with notable increases in the numbers of Hispanic children enrolling in public schools. The report focuses on systemic educational responses to these demographic changes and reform pressures. Some of the findings are as follows: Enrollments in public schools rose by 3 percent and the average enrollment in existing school districts also increased. The number of schools with the prototypical middle-school grade range (6-8) increased by 23 percent, while the number of schools with the prototypical junior-high grade range (7-9) decreased by 20 percent. Over three-fourths of the growth in the number of students can be attributed to an increase in the number of Hispanic and Asian students. A school district's racial composition was strongly associated with its socioeconomic status. Two indicators--the index of racial imbalance and the index of minority exposure--provided slight evidence of desegregation improvements. Student-teacher ratios declined by 5 percent. Two figures and 43 tables are included. Appendices contain a glossary and methodological notes. (Contains 53 references.) (LMI)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Center for Education Statistics (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: American Institutes for Research in the Behavioral Sciences, Washington, DC.