ERIC Number: ED394104
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Nov
Trends, Issues, and Implications: The Influence of Child Care Needs on the Employment of Women.
Hamilton, Cathy H.
This report focuses on current trends of women in the workforce, issues they face with child care, and how the implications of those trends and issues have influenced corporate and governmental response. In 1990, 47% of the working mother population relied on spouses or relatives to provide care for their young children. Between 2 and 5 million children ages 6 to 13 are on their own between the time school lets out and when their parents return from work. Licensed day care centers account for the care of approximately 10% of the 8.5 million children under six years of age. For families earning $15,000 or less annually with a child under 5 years of age, childcare expenses consume 23% of all household expenditures. For families earning over $50,000 the percentage falls to 6%. Even in states where overall supply of child care is high, access is sharply lower in poorer areas and rural communities. The high cost of child care restricts women's employment prospects, both in terms of current employment status and the amount of time they spend in paid work. The professional part-time workforce, job sharing, shift work, flexible work hours, corporate responses, and federal programs as they relate to employed parents are discussed. (JBJ)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Mid-South Educational Research Association (Biloxi, MS, November 8-10, 1995)