ERIC Number: ED394103
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Nov
The Relationships among Parental Marital Status, Selected Interpersonal Variables, and the Career Development of a College Population.
Boes, Susan R.
The increasing rate of divorce and its effects on children is a major concern in the United States. This study investigated the relevance of family composition due to parental marital status on several interpersonal variables and the impact of these variables on the career development of college students. The interpersonal variables measured were: self-efficacy, self-esteem, and the degree of certainty a participant had for his or her current career choice. A secondary purpose of the investigation was the examination of gender and socioeconomic status (SES) as possible moderators on the long term effects of divorce on vocational certainty. Undergraduate students (n=136) were given self-report measures on the selected variables. A multiple discriminant analysis was used to measure the interpersonal variables as they predicted and classified the participants according to group membership. Instruments used were: the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, the Self-Efficacy Scale, and the Career Decision Scale. Socioeconomic classification was computed using the Hollingshead Index of Social Position. Multiple discriminant analysis was performed on both an analysis sample and a holdout sample for cross-validation. Socioeconomic status was found to be statistically significant when the univariate procedure was performed, upholding the findings of other studies showing that family SES is often negatively impacted by divorce. Structure coefficients and loadings derived from the discriminant analysis procedure upheld the significance of SES. Contains 12 tables and 52 references. (JBJ)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Georgia Educational Research Association (20th, Atlanta, GA, November 2-3, 1995).